Browse Exhibits (1 total)
Most land west of Lewis Mountain remained in large parcels owned by prominent, affluent, and often politically significant families who continued many of the original plantation economy’s agrarian patterns through World War II. These families included the Garths, Rineharts, and Faulconers, and several others who influenced agriculture, livestock production and sales, as well as other business trends in local banking and in the financing and construction of residential and commercial development in Charlottesville/Albemarle. Beginning in the late 1940s and early 1950s and continuing through the present time, growth of the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, and Albemarle County has influenced the residential, commercial, business, and other developments that have transformed the properties adjacent to the Ivy Road Corridor. Although agricultural land uses persisted through most of the twentieth century, this incremental roadside development has occurred on almost every parcel with road frontage. Still, several historic properties, notably the Lewis Mountain Estate, Birdwood, Westover, Ednam, and Faulkner House, are still distinguishable within the Ivy Road Corridor, and continue to portray their origins as significant Albemarle County country estates.
Beginning in the 1920s, two significant new development trends emerged in the western segments of the corridor: construction of architecturally distinctive country houses developed to orient toward or overlook Ivy Road and the founding and initial development of Farmington as an exclusive residential community—a country club subdivision designed by landscape architect Earl Draper and incorporating a golf course. Infilling slowly between the Farmington Country Club at its western edge and the university-oriented Lewis Mountain neighborhood, the corridor developed incrementally in response to the expansion of the University of Virginia and other local growth and development following World War II.
Following World War II, the Bellair subdivision developed to appeal to a growing interest in suburban living. This large lot subdivision included a number of architect-designed residences and included deed restrictions for race and religion.